This cushion cover is made with the “seat” portion of a baby carrier used by the Miao tribe. Baby carrier has been a both a functional and symbolical item in China; it enables mothers to go to the fields while keeping the baby by their side, traditionally mothers will sew the carrier by hand, the embroidery on the carrier embedded symbols of blessing extending their love for the child. With the modernisation of China, hand stitch baby carrier can only be found among the minority tribes.
The Hmong tribe is one of the 5 major hill tribes in Thailand, the Hmong is a sub tribe of the Miao tribe in China. It is believed that due to the cultural reforms brought on in the Qing dynasty, a search for more fertile land that have brought on a massive immgration in the 18th century. According to records in the Chinese literature, the Miao tribe can be dated back to 3rd century BC.
These embroidery were decorative pieces on the sleeve or collar of the Black Hmong costume, unfortunately the garments which these embroidery have been on were too worn to be kept, these are the pieces that have been salvaged. Traditionally, these garments were worn during the Hmong New Year in November or December when the harvest has been completed. They are combination of cross stitching and patchwork, the embroidery patterns all have a subtle symbolic meaning; (left) a protection cross, (center) flowers, (right) snails. These embroider pieces are a perfect for any handmade projects, bags, jackets, etc.