Like other forms of Chinese theater, the glove puppet follows the same cast catagories. This puppet head belongs to the Jing category (painted face), a forceful character and the sub category of Black Flower (Hei Hua) which denotes a strong temperament but integrity (a bit like Captain Haddock in the Tin Tin comic). Junior means a younger character, hence there is also Black Flower Senior who comes with beard. Hei Hua Junior is often cast as the talented officers for a respected official
Wayang golek is the traditional West Javanese performance of the wooden rod puppet.
Here is a wonderful documentary about the Wayang golek.
The character of this puppet is Abhimanyu, the tragic hero in the Hindu epic Mahabharata. Son of Arjuna and Subhadra, like his father he was both courageous and a good fighter. Abhimanyu’s education of becoming a warrior started when he was still in womb of Subhadra, his father would go through in length different battle formation. Unfortunately at Subhadra has fallen asleep when it came to the exiting of Chakravyuha and Abhimanyu failed to gain the knowledge and there on the 13th day of the battle he was killed.
Come to see the Asian Folkcraft Collection!
This puppet head is that of a glove puppet, it is of the character Qing Hua Junior of the Jing (painted face) catergory. Qing Hua Junior can portrait characters of a villain or a hero with an explosive attitude.
The making of the puppet starts from selection of Zhang wood (Cinnamomum Camphora), apart from the nature of the wood its also has a function of being a wood pesticide, the required size would be taken out and together with the trimming to the rough form all done by use of a hammer. The details are then carved out, once the carving is completed a thin layer of white slip is applied as a filler to smooth out the knots of the wood. The base colour is then sprayed by a mouth piece and the features hand painted. If there are hair to the puppet, it would be added at the final stage.
There are broadly 2 types of shadow puppets in Cambodia, Sbek Thom and Sbek Toch. Sbek Thom are large shadow puppets, the leather part can get up to 1.5-2m tall and 1.5m wide. The puppeteers for Sbek Thom are part of the performance and are not in disguised, they dances in front and behind of the screen; the epic Ramayana is performed. This shadow puppet belongs to the Sbek Toch genres, they are smaller and usually tell the folktales based on everyday life (unlike Sbek Thom which has a religious significant).
This glove puppet head is of the character Gong Guang, belonging to the Jing (painted face) category, a supporting actor in today’s term but always representing a figure who is upright, loyal, strong and fearless of high power, it is denoted by the word Guang and the red face (gong). He would play the character of a courageous warrior such as JianWei of the 3 Kingdom.
The puppet is carved out from a single piece of wood and with hand painted features.
This shadow puppet is Tualen, the father of Merdah, they are both servants of Rama. Tualen used to be a god but he was punished for a mistake he made and was send down from heaven to be a human with black skin. Being a god, Tualen is wise and kind. The Balinese believe that by giving their baby holy water of Tualen, their child will be wise like Tualen.
Wonder what a villain looks like? This is a typical villain of the Chinese glove puppet, all villains have a white painted face with black features. A word of caution: the white face villains came in all different ages, from a young chap to the bad government official and finally the elderly villain. The shown in the photo here is one of the main villain in a puppet show, someone who has high power and no fear, for example, a prime minister who gave manipulate the emperor etc.
This puppet is called a Chaozhou wire puppet, the body of the puppet is supported by a main wire attached to the back of waistline of the puppet while the 2 arms are controlled by 2 wires attached to the waists, hence wire puppet, all the 3 wires are controlled by the puppeteer at the back stage.
There are over 2000 repertoires for the chaozhou wire puppet, these are roughly divided into 3 main themes; adaptation from the southern Chinese opera, local legends and historical stories. This puppet has the warrior helmet featured in the blog a couple of days ago, a female warrior figure.
This glove puppet character is called Di Lei, within the show (opera) he belongs to Jing (painted face) category. Di Lei, is courageous fighter but lacking in tactics, he is one of the 4 hammer warriors of the famous Sung general Yue Fei. With extraordinary strength, he is known as the iron hammer warrior.
The head of the puppet (as well as its eyes and mouth) is controlled with the index finger, while the thumb would control one arm and the rest of the 3 fingers control the other arm. The thumb will also control the turn of the head while palm of the hand will control the waist and leg gestures. As the puppet is manipulated with one hand, one puppet master can have 2 puppets on the show at the same time.
This is a shadow puppet used for the show Reamker which was based on the Sanskrit’s Ramayana epic. The Reamker is a popular legend for the Khmer people, loved by the common people and the kings a like. The story is carved into the walls in Angkor Wat and in Banteay Srei and over the Khmer New Year (13-16 April) and the King’s birthday (13-15 May) when the shadow puppet show will be performed.
The story of Reamker is about the balance of good and evil in the world; Prince Rama was sent into exile by one of the queen mother who has her eye on the throne for her son, Rama was joined by his wife Sita and his brother Lakshmana. In the forest the female rakshasa Surphanakha tried to seduce the 2 brothers, Lakshmana being annoyed by Surphanakha cut off her ear and nose, this angered the demon who went to ask her brother Ravana to help her revenge. Ravana (the Lord of island Lanka) was attracted by the beauty of Sita kidnapped her. Rama and Lakshmana striked a deal with the monkey king Sugriva, they helped Sugriva to regain his kingdom from his brother Vali while Sugriva send the monkey warriors lead by Hanuman to help with their search of Sita. Hanuman start building a stone bridge to cross to Lanka but found out that mermaids were secretly taking away the stones, he decide to capture the mermaid princess Neang Machha but instead they fell madly in love with each other. The bridge was completed, Rama and Ravana started a battle, wiht Hanuman’s help Rama won, rescued Sita and got the throne.
@ the western gopura of Banteay Srei
@ outer gallery of Angkor Wat